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U.S. Marshals Service

Fitness Standards

Overview of PAT and PFTB Fit Tests

There are two different fitness tests. The first test is the Physical Assessment Test (PAT) that consists of an obstacle course requiring the completion of seven tasks within 3 minutes and 38 seconds. This test is conducted at the Training Division. The DUSM Candidate will be required to pass the final PAT to graduate Basic Deputy US Marshal (BDUSM) Training.

The second test is the Physical Fitness Test Battery (PFTB). This test consists of 4 individual assessments (1.5 mile run, Absolute Bench Press, Illinois Agility Test and Grip Strength Test) and is designed as a field-based assessment tool to predict PAT performance. The results of each assessment are entered into an established formula that calculates a predictive time for PAT performance. Once again, 3 minutes and 38 seconds is the minimum time to pass. This score must be achieved within 90 days prior to attending BDUSM Training. Applicants who do not meet the 3:38 score will have failed the PFTB, and though they will have an opportunity to remediate at a later date, they must retake the entire PFTB. Encumbents are required to take and pass the PFTB bi-annually for the duration of their careers.

To Prepare for the Tests

Most applicants will not have access to the dynamometer hand grip machine and/or may not be able to set up for the Illinois Agility Test, and this is not an issue. By cross-referencing their results from the 1.5-Mile Run (1.5MR) and the Absolute Bench Press (APB), applicants are able to see if they will be successful at passing the PFTB using the PFTB Quick Score Chart and Instructions below.

PFTB Quick Score Chart

Using the Chart to Estimate PAT Results

The 1.5-MR column, located on the left side of the chart, is measured in minutes, which means applicants should round off their time to the nearest full minute. The ABP, which appears across the bottom of the chart, should be rounded off to the nearest 25 pounds. To find out your estimated PAT time, as well as whether or not you have a good chance of passing, find the row of your 1.5-MR time and the column for your ABP. Where they intersect you will find your predicted PAT time and the shading in the Quick Score Chart will let you know your probability of passing the PAT.

EXAMPLE: Take a subject who runs the 1.5-MR in 12 minutes and 18 seconds and has an ABP of 170 pounds. Since 12 minutes and 18 seconds is rounded to 12 minutes for the 1.5-MR and 170 pounds is rounded to 175 pounds, where the 12-minute row and the 175-pound column intersect is the subject's predicted time on the PAT. In this example it would be 2:46 (2 minutes, 46 seconds) and is shaded green, which means according to the legend to the right of the table, the subject has at least a 95% probability of passing the PAT. This can be translated to mean that the subject has a very good chance to pass. is an official site of the U.S. Federal Government, U.S. Department of Justice