This document lists the names of the men and women who served as United States Marshals since the creation of the office of Marshal on September 26, 1789.
The first section of this document contains a separate state-by-state listing for each Marshals Service district of the 50 states, the Canal Zone, the District of Columbia, Northern Mariana Islands, Puerto Rico and the U. S. Virgin Islands.
Preceding each state listing is pertinent information relating to the statutory creation of territories and judicial districts and to the admittance of the state to the Union. The districts within a state are arranged in chronological order according to the dates they were created and, in turn, each marshal is listed chronologically in accordance with the dates of his or her service.
This list of United States Marshals has been made as accurate and complete as possible. Two primary sources were used: Volumes 1 through 34 of the Senate Executive Journal (1789 to 1903) located in Room 8-W of the National Archives Building, and Roster 3 (1902-1928), 4 (1928-1969) and 5 (1970 to present) of the Department of Justice Presidential Appointments, located in the Department of Justice.
In some cases, the Senate Executive Journal contains several different spellings of the same marshal's name. Such discrepancies were resolved through the exercise of the compiler's best judgment under the circumstances.
Unseemly long terms of office, such as the term of Joseph S. Davis of the Southern District of Georgia, which extended from July of 1913 to November of 1921 without reappointment, are a natural outgrowth of the law which permits a marshal to serve after the expiration of his legal four-year term until his successor entry is appointed and qualifies.
In those cases where there is no entry in the "Vice" column (which generally names the individual the marshal succeeded), the President, in his nominating message to the Senate, as reported in the Senate Executive Journal, failed to mention the name or the reason for the departure of the nominee's predecessor. When such an omission is noted, the reader should presume that the nominee replaced, for one reason or another, the immediately preceding incumbent.
Finally, in those instances where entries in the "Vice" column indicate that a Presidential nominee was rejected by the Senate, the reader should presume that the rejected nominee did not serve under a recess or court appointment unless otherwise indicated.
The second major section of this compilation is an alphabetical listing of all those who served as United States Marshal and the District/State in which they served. Those whose names appear more than once serve non-consecutive terms or served as Marshal in more than one district.
By locating a specific name in this alphabetical section, the reader can then refer to the indicated District/State listing to find the individual's term of service and to determine where that person fits into the chronology of marshals who served that district.