The United States Marshals Service, Judicial Security Division (JSD),
is committed to the protection of the judicial process – by ensuring the
safe and secure conduct of judicial proceedings and protecting federal
judges, jurors and other members of the federal judiciary. This mission
is accomplished by anticipating and deterring threats to the judiciary,
and the continuous development and employment of innovative protective
techniques. The JSD is organized into two program areas, Judicial
Operations and Judicial Services.
Judicial Operations is a collection of national programs, led by
a Deputy Assistant Director who has oversight of the National Center for
Judicial Security, the Office of Protective Operations, the Office of
Protective Intelligence and the Office of Management and Administration.
Working together through resource and information sharing, these
missions intertwine to create a synergy intended to ensure effective
security of judicial officials, USMS personnel, and the visiting public.
Judicial Operations utilizes a national network of operational personnel
(Deputy U.S. Marshals) and support staff to effectively manage personal
and facility security programs around the globe.
Office of Protective Intelligence
The Office of Protective Intelligence (OPI) is comprised
of Senior Inspectors, Intelligence Research Specialists, and
Investigative Analysts that provide guidance, coordination, and
recommendations in the behavior based approach to protective
investigations initiated by district personnel responsible for
investigating threats and inappropriate communications directed at the
judiciary, U.S. Attorneys, and other court officers. OPI supports the
protective mission of the USMS by collecting, analyzing, and
disseminating information and protective intelligence, both classified
and unclassified, in the form of information bulletins, alert notices,
protective intelligence briefs, threat assessments, and foreign travel
briefings. OPI also supports the protective mission by managing the
intake function for all USMS Protective Investigations and providing
analysis and quality control on all new threat and inappropriate
communications cases. In addition, OPI provides a 24/7 response
capability through the Threat Management Center and facilitates
information sharing within the USMS and with other state, local, and
federal law enforcement and intelligence agencies.
Office of Protective Operations
The Office of Protective Operations (OPO) provides guidance and support
to district offices and Judicial Security Inspectors (JSIs) conducting
high threat proceedings and protective responses. OPO also provides
supervision, support and guidance for protective details for the
Justices of the U.S. Supreme Court, all members of the federal
judiciary, to include U.S. Tax Court and other high-level government
dignitaries, including the Director of the Office of National Drug
Control Policy (ONDCP), the Deputy Attorney General, U.S. Attorneys and
Assistant U.S. Attorneys. On any given day, the USMS is responsible for
safeguarding more than 2,200 sitting judges, and approximately 26,000
other court officials at over 400 court facilities throughout the United
States and its territories. In fiscal year 2015, 826
threats/inappropriate communications against USMS protectees were
investigated, analyzed, and assessed – some of which resulted in
around-the-clock protective details.
On a daily basis, USMS personnel assigned to the Office of Protective
Operations deploy state-of-the-art protective techniques, equipment, and
counter-measures. These skills and abilities are deployed in a proactive
manner, but can assure rapid, thorough, and safe responses to almost any
emergency situation, including a terrorist attack and natural disasters.
Additionally, these skills and abilities allow for unobtrusive
surveillance and protection during routine judicial security operations.
National Center for Judicial Security
The USMS established the National Center for Judicial Security (NCJS) in
fiscal year 2008. The goal of the NCJS is to provide educational,
operational, and technical functionality to its customers, which include
municipal, city, county, state, Federal, and international
jurisdictions, in the areas of security operations of their respective
court systems and the protection of members of the judiciary and
extended court family.
Office of Management and Administration
The Office of Management and Administration (OMA) serves as the center
of expertise within the Judicial Security Division (JSD) to essentially
manage the business processes of JSD by providing guidance and
assistance to JSD staff to ensure that program areas meet directives
from the JSD Assistant Director.
The OMA staff coordinates the majority of the personnel, budget,
finance, procurement, employee development and training initiatives,
property accountability, fleet management, special projects,
congressional and departmental correspondence, audit and inspection
functions, strategic planning, records management, information
technology, data systems, and other related business functions.
Judicial Services is a national program in the Judicial Security
Division led by a Deputy Assistant Director that has oversight for
programs funded by the Administrative Office of the United States Courts
(AOUSC) court security appropriation. The funding provides for the Court
Security Officer (CSO) program, security equipment and systems for space
occupied by the judiciary and for U.S. Marshals Service employees to
administer the daily functions. The Judicial Services is separated into
four oversight areas: the Office of Court Security is responsible for
the daily operations and personnel management of the CSO program, the
Office of Security Contracts performs the daily contract
responsibilities with the private contractors and the district Contract
Officer Technical Representatives, the Office of Security Systems is
responsible for all security and monitoring systems for judicial space,
and the Office of Financial Management & Administration has the daily
oversight responsibility of a $469 million budget.
Office of Court Security
The Office of Court Security (OCS) has primary responsibility for
ensuring that the CSOs protect the judiciary and court family – as well
as thousands of jurors, attorneys and visitors entering court facilities
across the nation. The OCS determines resource needs and develops and
enhances program operations and contract requirements for the CSOs. The
OCS also provides day-to-day operational guidance to U.S. Marshals
Service senior management officials in each district office.
Currently, more than 5,000 CSOs with certified law enforcement
experience are deployed at more than 400 court facilities in the United
States and its territories. All CSOs are required to pass a
comprehensive screening process to ensure that specific background,
physical, medical and weapons qualifications standards are met.
Office of Security Contracts
The Office of Security Contracts provides acquisition support to the
Judicial Security Division primarily in the area of court security. This
office is responsible for the full range of acquisition functions for
security services, equipment, systems and maintenance.
The bulk of acquisitions performed in this office is related to the CSO
Program. Contracts are awarded to each of the twelve Judicial Circuits
for court security services to be performed in all 94 Judicial
Districts. An interagency agreement between the AOUSC provides funding
and contracting authority for the CSO security services. The estimated
annual value of all 12 CSO contracts is approximately $330 million.
The second major contracting function of OSC is the support of the
Office of Security Systems which is responsible for the physical
security of the U.S. Courts through the installation and maintenance of
security equipment and systems. The OSC has established a nationwide
contract for installation of new equipment and security systems in
renovated and newly constructed facilities.
The third area of contracting support provided by OSC is in the Home
Intrusion Detection System (HIDS) Program through the Office of
Courthouse Management. Under the HIDS Program, commercial available home
alarm systems and centralized monitoring are procured for Federal
Judicial participants residents.
OSC provides contractual support for other services, supplies and
equipment related to the overall operation of JSD. These are primarily
delivery orders (against GSA Schedule), purchase orders and credit card
purchases. Most of the funding used in contracts for OSC is AOUSC
Office of Security Systems
The Office of Security Systems (OSS) is responsible for
designing, installing and maintaining efficient, cost-effective physical
security systems for the protection of the federal judiciary, judicial
employees, courthouse visitors and judicial facilities. These security
measures ensure the safe operation of court business without hindering
the efficiency of the judicial process. Our areas of responsibility
include all courts-occupied space as well as public lobbies and
Through analysis and surveys, OSS determines the type and quantity of
security equipment that will best detect, deter and/or delay threats to
federal court facilities. OSS, in coordination with the courts and
district personnel, selects the proper authorized physical security
devices or systems and coordinates their installation. This coordination
effort includes evaluating hazards and threats, identifying appropriate
countermeasures, determining funding availability, preparing necessary
funding documents, and providing remote project management until the
work is completed.
OSS authorizes and installs security devices such as closed-circuit
television (CCTV) cameras and monitors, video switching and recording
equipment, door position, tamper and motion sensor alarms, duress
alarms, physical access control systems, card readers, and associated
signal-processing control equipment, door hardware such as electric
strikes, magnetic locks, and special locksets, as well as perimeter
protection systems consisting of passive and active bollards and vehicle
barriers, guard booths, security fencing and walls. Additionally, OSS
provides state-of-the-art x-ray and metal detecting equipment which
Court Security Officers use to screen visitors and their belongings as
well as incoming mail, parcels and packages.
Office of Financial Management and Administration
The Office of Financial Management and Administration (OFMA) is
responsible for all budget and financial aspects for the efficient and
effective operation of the Judicial Facility Security Program (JFSP) and
has daily oversight responsibility of a $469,000,000 budget in FY 2016.
OFMA is also responsible for the Judicial Services administrative
functions, including those related to human resources, property
tracking, procurement and website management. The USMS receives an
annual funding transfer from the Administrative Office of the United
States Courts (AOUSC) for the purpose of implementing a court security
program at Federal courthouses throughout the country. This funding,
designated as the 0930 appropriation is utilized to:
- Award and monitor contracts for over 5,000 court security
- Provide for the installation and maintenance of security
equipment, and construction of physical security measures, in
facilities occupied by Judicial Branch entities; and
- Cover a portion of the USMS expenses to administer JFSP.