History - Anti-war Demonstrations: The Gulf War
Marshals Service personnel provided security at federal buildings
throughout the country during 80 anti-war demonstrations in the first
three weeks of the Gulf War. One of the largest week-day
demonstrations occurred in San Francisco shortly as the war began: An
estimated 20,000 to 30,000 persons at the downtown federal building.
Marshal Reginald Boyd said 431 protestors were arrested for illegal
actions during a single day by Federal Protective Service personnel and
Deputy Marshals. At one point, demonstrators set bonfires on the
steps of the federal building, pelted the structure with rocks, burned
the American flag, and ran a red flag up the flag pole. Most of
the operations at the federal
building were shut down for three days during the largest and most
violent portion of the demonstrations.
Richard S. Bippus, the Chief Deputy marshal in the District, suffered
a broken ankle while he and other Marshals Service personnel were
arresting demonstrators, Boyd said. The Marshals Service
assembled 60 members
of its Special Operations Group from Districts around the nation and
sent the team to San Francisco to help protect the federal courts.
Los Angeles was also the site of large demonstrations. Marshal Craig
L. Meacham (CICA) said Deputy Marshals helped provide security at the
downtown federal building there and took part in the arrest of 158
persons in one day.