Alex C. Botkin, March 1893 (ref: 941-193)                               A.C. Botkin with faithful servant William Woodcock (ref: 941-192)


Photographs courtesy of Montana Historical Society Photograph Archives





ALEXANDER C. BOTKIN, Fourth U.S. Marshal of Montana Territory


Alexander C. Botkin was born October 13, 1842 at Madison, Wisconsin, the youngest of three children. Graduating from the State University of Wisconsin at Madison in 1859, he obtained a Masters of Art from the same institution in 1862. During the Civil war he served as a paymaster's clerk. In 1866, Botkin graduated from the law department at the University of Albany, New York.


After completing his education, Botkin worked as a news and telegraph editor of the Milwaukee Sentinel, then city and managing editor of the Chicago Times, and finally as Chief Editor of the Milwaukee Sentinel.


In 1878, President Rutherford B. Hayes appointed Botkin as United States Marshal for the District of Montana Territory, this position he held until 1885. Although permanently paralyzed in 1879; Botkin engaged in an active law practice and political career.


In 1882, he was the Republican nominee for Congress; from 1886 until 1890 he served as the City Attorney for Helena and in 1892 was elected Lieutenant Governor of Montana. At the expiration of his term of four years, Botkin received the Republican nomination for Governor, but was defeated at the polls. In 1897, President William McKinley appointed Botkin a member of the commission for the criminal and penal laws of the United States and he was subsequently chosen the commission's chairman.


While chairman of the above named commission of the U.S. Department of Justice, Botkin succumbed to a brief illness in Washington D.C. on November 1, 1905.



1.History of Montana, Leeson, p. 1194, Montana Historical Society

2.Manuel  of Legislative Procedure, Botkin, M.H.S. Library

3.History of Montana, J. Miller, Vol. 1, M.H.S. Library

4.Progressive Men of Montana, M.H.S. Library

5.The Helena Clock, p.1, March 2, 1905