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U.S. Marshals Service

U.S. Marshals Service - Coronavirus (COVID-19) Data and Information

Prisoner Statistics

COVID-19 Mitigating the risk of COVID-19 to U.S. Marshal Service (USMS) prisoners, our staff, and the community is of paramount importance to the USMS.

The U.S. Marshals Service does not own or operate detention facilities but partners with state and local governments using intergovernmental agreements (IGAs) to house prisoners. Additionally, the agency houses prisoners in Federal Bureau of Prisons (BOP) facilities and private detention facilities. At most facilities where USMS prisoners are held, USMS represents a fraction of the facility population. Federal judges decide who comes into or out of USMS custody as a component of individual judicial proceedings.

As of May 19, 2022, USMS prisoner population COVID-19 statistics:

Current total USMS prisoner population 63,015
Current number of prisoners with active COVID-19 cases 336
Cumulative number of prisoners with positive COVID-19 cases at any time during the pandemic 20,620
     By type of facility:  
     Intergovernmental Agreement facilities 13,024
     Private facilities 3,532
     BOP facilities 4,064
Cumulative number of prisoners recovered* 20,067
Cumulative Prisoner COVID-19-related deaths to date 51
Approximate cumulative number of prisoners in USMS custody during the pandemic 226,489
NOTE: Data on prisoner health comes to the USMS through established reporting mechanisms that may vary from jurisdiction to jurisdiction; the data is not real-time and may not reflect the most current information.

USMS Prisoner Housing and Operations

  • Facilities housing USMS prisoners are responsible for the medical care that prisoners receive. These facilities work closely with state health departments and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) to ensure that infectious diseases are promptly identified and treated. All training protocols, quarantine decisions or policy adjustments are made at the facility level.
  • The USMS takes very seriously its prisoner detention mission to provide safe, secure and humane custody, housing, medical care and transportation for federal prisoners throughout the United States and its territories. We have modified our policies and procedures during the COVID-19 pandemic, in accordance with guidance from the CDC, “Interim Guidance on Management of Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) in Correctional and Detention Facilities.”
  • Decisions regarding the detention of prisoners are made and issued by the U.S. Courts. Many federal court districts across the country continue to operate; therefore, the U.S. Marshals must continue to safely and securely manage prisoners while executing the lawful orders set by the federal judiciary. USMS district offices are limiting prisoner movements within their federal district and between facilities as much as possible.
  • The USMS adheres to guidelines set forth by the CDC for the handling of prisoners with suspected or actual reportable cases of infectious disease within USMS cellblocks. Symptomatic prisoners are isolated from other prisoners and staff.
  • USMS personnel have been issued specific COVID-19 guidance for screening prisoners that was developed by infectious disease experts from the U.S. Public Health Service, who regularly update it in accordance with evolving CDC guidance.
  • For more information on USMS prisoner operations, see the fact sheet available from

USMS Prisoner Transportation

  • The Justice Prisoner and Alien Transportation System (JPATS) manages the coordination, scheduling and secure handling of prisoners in federal custody, transporting them to detention facilities, courts and BOP institutions across the 94 judicial districts via a network of aircraft, buses, vans and cars. Our mission is to transfer prisoners safely, securely and humanely. Under normal conditions, prisoner movements take place for a variety of reasons, such as to serve a federal sentence at a BOP institution, testify at a trial, transfer between facilities, or to receive specialized medical care.
  • The USMS is following CDC guidance, which states: “If a transfer is absolutely necessary, perform verbal screening and a temperature check … before the individual leaves the facility.”
  • Many federal court districts across the country continue to operate; therefore, the U.S. Marshals must continue to safely and securely transport prisoners in accordance with the federal judiciary process, which includes sentencing, judgment and committal, and designations to BOP facilities, as well as other federal judiciary court orders and processes.
  • JPATS does not move any prisoner who is symptomatic or known to be positive for COVID-19.
  • USMS equipment, aircraft and vehicles are undergoing daily, enhanced COVID-19-specific cleaning. In addition, JPATS has implemented the use of masks by all inmates and staff.
  • The USMS is coordinating closely with BOP regarding prisoner transportation to BOP facilities during this pandemic.


 *a small number of prisoners were released upon court order prior to meeting the CDC time recommended to be considered recovered is an official site of the U.S. Federal Government, U.S. Department of Justice