Service of Process
Judgment and Commitment
Judgment: States the defendant's plea, a jury's verdict or the
court's findings, the adjudication, and the sentence imposed
by the court.
Commitment: States that the defendant is placed in the
the Attorney General for a specified length of time.
J&C (Judgment and Commitment): Is on a standard form and is
the U.S. Marshal's
authority to transport and commit a defendant to an
Issued By: Judgments and Commitments are issued from a United
States District Court, under the court's seal. signed by the
Judge and Court Clerk. (Federal Rules of Criminal Procedure
Territorial Limits: A Judgment and Commitment may
and executed anywhere within the United States, its
territories and possessions.
Served By: J&C's may be executed by a
United States Marshal, or a
Deputy United States Marshal only, except in voluntary
surrender commitments where executions are accomplished
by Bureau of Prisons (BOP).
Manner of Service: Execution is accomplished
by delivering the
within named individual, along with a copy of the judgment
and commitment, to the designated U.S. Bureau of Prisons
Return: A Partial Return is made while in route, if the defendant is
temporarily committed to a jail or other institution, for
further removal to the final designated institution.
A Complete Return is made upon delivering the defendant
to the final designated institution. Each return shall be
made on the original J&C and upon complete return, the
original shall be forwarded to the United States Marshal
from the District of Issuance.
Manner of Service: In the event a
prisoner is ordered to report and surrender himself to an
institution, known as "Voluntary Surrender Commitments" , upon court order for
voluntary surrender to an institution
at sentencing, the U.S. Marshal will immediately request
special designation from the Bureau of Prisons. BOP will
then notify designated institution of defendant's name and
of the time and date for the surrender.
Note: The information related to the service of
court process that is contained on this web site is general information
and not intended to be an exhaustive or definitive explanation or depiction
of Federal rules of procedures for the service of process.
Readers are directed to the Federal Rules of Criminal and
Civil Procedure; personal legal counsel; the United States Code, Titles 18 and 28;
U.S. Attorney's Office and District Court for
specific, authoritative guidance.