Justice Prisoner & Alien Transportation System (JPATS)
In 1995, the air fleets of the Marshals Service and the Bureau of Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) merged to create the Justice Prisoner and Alien Transportation System (JPATS). The merger created a more efficient and effective system for transporting prisoners and criminal aliens. Managed by the Marshals Service, JPATS is one of the largest transporters of prisoners in the world — handling about 771 requests every day to move prisoners between judicial districts, correctional institutions and foreign countries.
JPATS supports the federal judiciary through its scheduling and transportation responsibilities. JPATS transports sentenced prisoners who are in the custody of the Federal Bureau of Prisons (BOP) as well as ICE criminal/administrative aliens to hearings, court appearances and detention facilities. JPATS also provides regular international flights for the removal of deportable aliens. Military and civilian law enforcement agencies use JPATS to shuttle their prisoners between different jurisdictions at a fraction of what commercial sources would charge.
On average, JPATS completes over 280,000 prisoner/alien movements per year. A network of aircraft, cars, vans and buses accomplishes these coordinated movements. JPATS operates a fleet of aircraft which moves prisoners over long distances more economically and with higher security than commercial airlines. Nearly all air movements are done aboard large and small jets that JPATS owns or leases. Ground transportation is usually provided by the Marshals Service, ICE and the BOP.
JPATS is the only government-operated, regularly scheduled passenger airline in the nation. JPATS routinely serves approximately 40 domestic and international cities, plus other major cities in the United States on an as-required basis.
Detailed itineraries are required to ensure that each prisoner appears in court at a designated time. All scheduling is handled at JPATS headquarters, located in Kansas City, MO. The Air fleet operations center is in Oklahoma City, OK with a hub in Las Vegas.
Justice Prisoner and Alien Transportation System (JPATS):David F. Musel, JPATS Director (816) 467-1900 Scott Flood, Deputy and Chief of Operations (816) 467-1900