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U.S. Marshals Service

History -  Fugitive Investigative Strike Teams (FIST)

Fugitive Investigations - Creative Stings

Operation FIST VI (1984)

In what former U.S. Marshals Service Director Stanley E. Morris described as possibly the largest and most successful fugitive hunt in recent history", Operation FIST VI (Fugitive Investigative Strike Team) concluded in mid-March 1984 with extensive media coverage which included all of the major television networks, weekly news magazines, and principal newspapers throughout the nation.

The operation culminated a unique effort which concentrated on arresting fugitives throughout the State of California. The conclusion of the ten-week operation, which resulted in 2,116 arrests, was announced March 15 in Washington, D.C. by former Attorney General William French Smith.

Former Director Morris at press conference for FIST VI

At the same time, a press conference was being conducted in Los Angeles, California by US. Marshals Service Director Stanley E. Morris and the heads of the California law enforcement agencies involved in the operation, including Los Angeles Police Chief Daryl Gates and Los Angeles County Sheriff Sherman Block.

This was the second time that a FIST operation has been conducted on a statewide basis. Earlier FIST operations in New York City, Washington, D.C., Los Angeles, Miami and Michigan resulted in 2,023 arrests. Of those arrested during FIST VI in California, 79 percent had been involved in crimes of violence or drug offenses, and a total of 2,689 cases were closed as a result of the arrests. Director Morris noted that 24 arrests were for murder, 22 for manslaughter and attempted murder, 39 for rape, 272 for robbery, 646 for narcotics charges, 17 for kidnapping/extortion, 394 for burglary and 58 for sex offenses. Others were arrested on charges of assault, arson, weapons offenses, theft/fraud, embezzlement and counterfeiting.

FIST operations were designed by the U.S. Marshals Service to coordinate law enforcement resources with state and local authorities, bringing all available resources to bear against violent crime and drug trafficking.

Former Director Morris praised the state and municipal law enforcement agencies in California that comprised half the 120-member FIST group, and expressed particular appreciation to the following law enforcement agency heads who played key roles in this combined effort: the Chiefs of Police for Los Angeles, San Francisco, Oakland, San Jose, Sacramento, Fresno and San Diego; the Sheriffs of Los Angeles, Orange, San Bernardino, Marin, Sacramento, Sutter, Fresno, Yolo, and San Diego Counties; the County Marshals from Sacramento and San Diego; and the Commissioner of the California Highway Patrol.

During the FIST VI operation, which began January 5, 1984 the U.S. Marshals Service established separate command posts in Los Angeles, San Diego, San Francisco, Sacramento and Fresno. They were united by a vast communications and computer network, and throughout the operation Deputy U.S. Marshals paired with their state and municipal law enforcement counterparts to accomplish their vital mission. The camaraderie and high degree of professional motivation exhibited by these teams greatly enhanced the success of the operation.

As in previous FIST operations, FIST VI initiated a "scam", this one producing 65 fugitive arrests. The ruse involved creation of the "FIST Bonded Delivery Service", which sent notices to fugitives' last known addresses asking them to arrange for acceptance of a package worth up to $2,000. Sixty-five appointments were made by wanted fugitives for these "packages", only to find that their uniformed "Delivery Man" was a Deputy U.S. Marshal and their package was a pair of handcuffs instead. One subject was highly irate that the Marshals were taking him away before he could claim his "delivery", adding, You don't have to be so mean!"

The overwhelming success and highly professional execution of the six FIST operations can clearly be seen in the 4,139 felons arrested and 5,273 cases cleared-all without one subject or law enforcement officer being wounded or killed.


FIST Operations


Nine FIST operations were conducted between 1981-1986 and were responsible for more than 14,700 arrests.  The fugitives' criminal records included murder, robbery, kidnapping, drug trafficking and counterfeiting, among others.

FIST operations took place in Florida, California, the New England states, Washington D.C., Michigan and the Southwest United States

Sting Operations:

Although most of the arrests in FIST Operations were made through good, hard, traditional investigations, the strike teams also devised creative "stings" to trick some of the fugitives: is an official site of the U.S. Federal Government, U.S. Department of Justicee