History - The First Generation of United States Marshals
Marshal of Connecticut: Phillip Bradley
Phillip Bradley lived his entire life in Ridgefield, Connecticut. Born
in that town on March 26, 1738, Bradley graduated from Yale with a
Bachelor of Arts degree in 1758. He made his living as a farmer and
merchant. In 1769, Bradley won a seat in the Connecticut General
Assembly, which he held continuously until 179 1. He also served in the
Connecticut militia, reaching the rank of Lieutenant Colonel in 1771.
When the Revolution broke out, Bradley assumed command of the 5th
Colonel. Little is known of his war experiences, other than that he
fought in the battle of Monmouth. On occasion, General Washington gave
him special assignments, such as the investigation of the conduct of
Captain Ephan Burr or the arrest of deserters from the Continental Army.
Between the end of the war in 1782 and 1789, Bradley continued to serve
in the Connecticut General Assembly. He also resumed his careers as
farmer and merchant. As a member of the Connecticut ratifying convention
in 1788, Bradley voted for the new Constitution. Soon after the
establishment of the federal government, Bradley wrote Washington asking
for a job. Several months later, on August 29, new president to appoint
him Marshal of Connecticut. He was the only one of the first generation
to ask for appointment as Marshal. The others
sought higher paying offices.
Washington made the appointment on September 26, 1789, and sent Bradley
his commission in October. Bradley was 51 years old. Little is known of
his work as Marshal from 1789 to 1802, except that he also served as a
justice of the peace from 1793 to 1801. Nor is much known of Bradley's
life after his retirement as
Marshal. He died on January 4, 1821, at the age of 82.